Programs

A program represents a POU of the highest level in a user program. A controller (PLC) may process more programs, and the IDE contains tools for definition of activity of programs (or, how often a program shall be executed, program priority, etc.).

Every POU has two main parts: declarative and executive. In the declarative parts of a POU, variables necessary for the POU activity are defined. The executive part then contains the commands necessary for the execution of the required algorithm.

PROGRAM name ... END_PROGRAM

The declarative part of the program contains definitions of variables necessary for the program's activity. Variables are used to store and process information. Each variable is defined by the variable name and data type. The data type defines the space used by the variable in memory, and determines the way the variable is processed. For definition of variables, standard data types (BOOL, BYTE, INT, …) are available. The usage depends on the type of information which is stored in the memory (e.g. BOOL for yes/no informations, INT for signed whole numbers, etc.). Users are allowed to define their own data types, too. The placement of variables in a PLC memory is managed by the IDE automatically. If necessary, user can define the location of a variable in memory, too.

Input variables

VAR_INPUT ... END_VAR

Output variables

VAR_OUTPUT ... END_VAR

Input/output variables

VAR_IN_OUT ... END_VAR

Static variables

VAR ... END_VAR

External variables

VAR_EXTERNAL ... END_VAR

Initialisation of variables

VAR I: INT := 1; END_VAR;

Definition of „retain“ variables (are kept in memory even after a power cycle)

VAR RETAIN ... END_VAR

The executive part follows the declarative part and contains commands and instructions.


Example of a program (TEST):

PROGRAM TEST           //name of the program: TEST
 VAR         //static declarations (of a function block, in this example)
    My_Room: Light_Room;
    END_VAR
 VAR_EXTERNAL        //external declaration
  Actual_TOD:TOD;
 END_VAR
 
(* Program body *)
  IF (Actual_TOD >= TOD#20:15:00) OR (Actual_TOD <= TOD#6:00:00) THEN 
      MyRoom.NightTime();
 ELSE 
       MyRoom.DayTime();
   END_IF;
END_PROGRAM

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